‘Nirbhay’ Successfully Test Fired Off Odisha Coast

‘Nirbhay’, the 1000 km strike range sub-sonic cruise missile successfully cleared the test fire conducted off Odisha’s coast on Monday. According to India’s Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE), it is India’s first self-made and developed long-range cruise missile. The missile is suitable for all types of weather.

Designed by Bengaluru-based Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE), a lab under Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), this missile can be launched from multiple platforms capable of carrying conventional and nuclear warheads weighing 300 kg. With a speed of 0.6-0.7 Mach, the missile also has the capability to strike land targets at a distance of up to 1,000 kilometres. It is powered by a solid rocket booster for taking off, along with the Turbofan engine which controls its propulsion after reaching the necessary velocity and height.

Equipped with a radio altimeter to determine its height, an inertial navigation system – which was developed by Research Center Imarat (RCI) – guides the missile. The missile is loaded with a Ring Laser Gyroscope (RLG) based guidance, control and navigation system. It is also equipped with a MEMS-based Inertial Navigation System (INS) and the GPS system.

The missile weighs 1,500 kg with a width of 0.52 meters and a wingspan of 2.7 metres, and has the ability to deliver 24 different types of warheads based on mission requirements. The ability to fly at low altitude to avoid enemy radar detection is an added advantage. The feature that makes the missile stand-out is its ability to strike a particular target among multiple targets.

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